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Method of making honey
发表时间： 2016-12-04 Author: gmpshebei Published: 2016-12-04
Because honey contains a lot of rich nutrients such as sugar, organic acids, vitamins, and has the effects of nourishing, antitussive, slowing down, moisturizing, detoxifying, etc., it also contains a large amount of reducing sugar, which can prevent the oxidative components of Chinese medicine from degeneration. Moreover, the honey has strong adhesive force. After mixing with the medicinal powder, the pills are not easy to harden, and have great plasticity. The pellets made are smooth, moisturized, slow to disintegrate, and lasting, which is a very good adhesive. However, improper selection and refining of honey during the production and processing of honey pills can directly affect the shape, moisture absorption, mildew, or hardness of the pills, failing to meet the requirements of the hygienic index of the finished product and affecting the efficacy of the drug. The following is the experience of years of experience:
蜂蜜的选择 1. Choice of honey
With the different types of honey plants, the quality of honey varies greatly. The selection of honey is very important. Honey bees that process honey pills are milky white or light yellow paste-like thick liquid with strong gas, pure and sweet but not sour, and clean. No impurities, translucent when fresh, sugar crystals precipitate for a long time. If it is syrupy liquid or the bottom layer is agglomerated, the thick color is dark, the taste is astringent. Raw material for pill processing. However, due to the inconsistency of the quality of the source, place of origin, and climate, honey produced in the north generally has less water. Among them, vitex honey and jujube nectar are superior, while honey produced in the south generally has more water.
炼蜜 2.refining honey
The purpose of refining honey is to remove impurities, destroy enzymes, kill microorganisms, evaporate water, and increase viscosity. The method is: a small amount of production can be heated in a pot with high heat and smelting; large-scale production can be refined with a sandwich pot, and finally filtering out impurities. Refining honey is divided into three types: tender honey, medium honey (refining honey), and old honey.
105-115℃，含水量在14%-20%，密度为1.35左右，色泽无明显变化，稍有粘性。 The honey is heated to 105-115 ° C, the water content is 14% -20%, the density is about 1.35, the color is not significantly changed, and it is slightly sticky. Tender honey is suitable for the production of strong viscous medicinal pills containing more oil, mucus, gum, sugar, starch, animal tissues.
Middle honey (refining honey)
116-118℃，含水量在14%-16%，密度为1.37左右，出理浅黄色有光泽的翻腾的均匀细气泡，用手捻有粘性，当两手指分开时无白线出现。 The tender honey continues to heat up to a temperature of 116-118 ° C, a water content of 14% -16%, a density of about 1.37, and a light yellow, shiny, churning uniform fine air bubble. It is sticky when twisted by hands. When the two fingers are separated No white line appears. Medium honey is suitable for making medicinal pills with medium viscosity. Most of the honey pills are made of medium honey.
119-122℃，含水量在10%以下，密度为1.4左右，出现红棕色光泽较大气泡，手捻之甚粘，当两手指分开出现白线，滴入水中成珠状。 The medium honey continued to heat, the temperature reached 119-122 ° C, the moisture content was below 10%, the density was about 1.4, large bubbles with reddish-brown luster appeared, and the hands were very sticky. When two fingers separated, a white line appeared and dropped into the water to Beaded. Old honey has strong adhesive force and is suitable for making pills with poor viscosity mineral or fibrous medicinal materials.
The degree of honey refining is not only determined by the properties of the pills, but also related to the moisture content of the powder and the temperature change during the season.
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